What are the three defining features of argument?
There are three defining features of an argument: It must provide justification for its claims; it is both a product (the argument itself) and part of a process (that is, the argument enters into and attempts to shape public discourse); and it combines truth-seeking and persuasion.
Can a valid argument have all false premises but a true conclusion?
TRUE. By definition, a valid argument cannot have a false conclusion and all true premises. So if a valid argument has a false conclusion it must have some false premise.
What are some examples of inductive arguments?
Even if all of the premises are true in a statement, inductive reasoning allows for the conclusion to be false. Here’s an example: “Harold is a grandfather. Harold is bald. Therefore, all grandfathers are bald.” The conclusion does not follow logically from the statements.
What is true of every inductive argument?
An inductive argument is an argument that is intended by the arguer to be strong enough that, if the premises were to be true, then it would be unlikely that the conclusion is false. So, an inductive argument’s success or strength is a matter of degree, unlike with deductive arguments.
What is the difference between inductive and deductive?
The main difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that inductive reasoning aims at developing a theory while deductive reasoning aims at testing an existing theory. Inductive reasoning moves from specific observations to broad generalizations, and deductive reasoning the other way around.