What forces enabled European imperialism in Africa?
External Forces: Invention of the Maxim Gun (machine gun) The steam engine allowed Europeans to travel upstream to establish bases of control deeper within the continent. Railroads allowed for faster transportation and communication within a colony, and between the colony & its controlling nation.
What were the negative effects of imperialism in Africa?
Economically, European imperialism destructed Africa’s self sufficiency and increased dependance on colonial powers; strengthened Europe’s own economy, therefore further weakening Africa’s economy; and exploited many raw materials within Africa.
What were the long term effects of imperialism in Africa?
The long term effects of imperialism on the colonized people are political changes such as changing the government reflect upon European traditions, economic changes that made colonies create resources for factories, and cultural changes that made people convert their religion.
What were the effects of colonialism in Africa?
Colonialism made African colonies dependent by introducing a mono- cultural economy for the territories. It also dehumanized African labour force and traders. It forced Africans to work in colonial plantations at very low wages and displaced them from their lands.
What are the main reasons for colonialism in Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. During this time of colonisation, an economic depression was occurring in Europe, and powerful countries such as Germany, France, and Great Britain, were losing money.
Why did Europe want Africa?
Europeans first became interested in Africa for trade route purposes. They were looking for ways to avoid the taxes of the Arab and Ottoman empires in Southwest Asia. Sailing around Africa was the obvious choice, but it was a long voyage and could not be completed without “pit stops” along the way.
How did Europe divide Africa?
At the time of the conference, only the coastal areas of Africa were colonized by the European powers. At the Berlin Conference, the European colonial powers scrambled to gain control over the interior of the continent. By 1914, the conference participants had fully divided Africa among themselves into 50 countries.
How did Europe affect Africa?
Before the Europeans arrived in Africa, Africa had vibrant economic, social and political structures. These were severely disrupted by Europeans to create wealth for themselves. European dominance over most of Africa through the transatlantic slave trade lasted 440 years, from 14.
What two African countries remained free of European control?
By 1914, only Liberia and Ethiopia remained free from European control.