What is the concept of social contract?
Social contract theory, nearly as old as philosophy itself, is the view that persons’ moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among them to form the society in which they live.
What is one advantage of the social contract?
One advantage of the social contract is that the people will agree to rules, impulses, and even the morals that they have in their society and in the government. He is known for the phrase “man must be forced to be free.”
What does Rousseau say about property?
Rousseau condemned the appearance of property because it put an end to the unselfreflecting virtues of man in Nature, i.e. indolence, equality and self-sufficiency. But the central problem in the second Discourse was to explain the inextricable connections between property, society and inequality.
What was the general will according to Rousseau quizlet?
The will of the sovereign that aims at the common good. Each individual has his own particular will that expresses what is best for him. The general will expresses what is best for the state as a whole.
How does Rousseau describe the state of nature?
The state of nature, for Rousseau, is a morally neutral and peaceful condition in which (mainly) solitary individuals act according to their basic urges (for instance, hunger) as well as their natural desire for self-preservation.
What does Rousseau mean by Man is born free?
With the famous phrase, “man is born free, but he is everywhere in chains,” Rousseau asserts that modern states repress the physical freedom that is our birthright, and do nothing to secure the civil freedom for the sake of which we enter into civil society.