Why did Israel launched Operation Pillar of Defence?
On November 14, 2012, the IDF launched Operation Pillar of Defense against terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip, with the objective of reducing the number of rocket attacks at Israeli civilians. The operation began with the elimination of Ahmed Jabari, head of the Hamas military branch in the Gaza Strip.
Why is Israel destroying buildings in Gaza?
Israel’s attacks on Gaza’s civilian buildings are an attempt to demoralise Palestinians and weaken their resolve. Rami Aldraimli watched in disbelief as the building he had worked in for more than 20 years came crashing down.
What are the tunnels under Gaza?
The Gaza Strip smuggling tunnels are smuggling tunnels that had been dug under the Philadelphi Corridor along the Egypt-Gaza border. They were dug to combat the blockade of the Gaza Strip to smuggle in fuel, food, weapons and other goods into the Gaza Strip.
How many homes has Israel destroyed?
Israel has demolished or compelled the owners to demolish, 1097 homes in East Jerusalem between 2004 and 2020, leaving 3,579 people of whom 1,899 minors, homeless.
How many buildings Israel destroyed Gaza?
Gaza’s Hamas-run government says Israeli air strikes destroyed about 2,200 homes in the enclave during the 11-day conflict and damaged 37,000 others. Some homes in Israel were damaged by rockets launched by Islamist organisation Hamas and other Gaza militant groups.
Why do Hamas build tunnels?
Hamas uses the tunnels to hide its arsenal of rocketry underground, to facilitate communication, to permit munition stocks to be hidden, and to conceal militants, making detection from the air difficult.
Who built the Gaza tunnels?
At the time, Israeli officials said Hamas had built more than 1,300 tunnels since 2007 at a cost of $1.25 billion, diverting funds that could have been spent on public infrastructure in Gaza.
Is Israel destroying Palestinian homes?
During 2021, the Israeli government destroyed 177 Palestinian-owned structures in East Jerusalem, displacing 343 people, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
What were the objectives of Operation Pillar of Defense in Gaza?
The objectives and implications of Israel’s Operation Pillar of Defense in Gaza during November 14-21, 2012, can only be assessed in the wider context of the new Middle East that has emerged from the earthquake known as the Arab Spring. The objectives defined by Israel’s top political leadership were rather modest.
Will Operation Pillar of Defense make Hamas make a choice?
Operation Pillar of Defense, however, compelled Hamas to make a choice, and so far the organization has been enforcing the ceasefire on all the other groups. The Palestinian Authority in Decline?
Is a defensive shield-type operation possible in Gaza?
Already in Cast Lead the IDF told the government that a Defensive Shield-type operation (as in the West Bank in 2002) to eliminate Gaza’s terror infrastructure, while possible, would require significant forces and could take many months. Then the problem would arise: what would be Israel’s exit strategy?
Why did Israel attack Gaza in 2012?
The 2012 operation was carried out against the background of dramatic changes in the region, with Israel facing a potential undermining of the fragile peace with a different, Islamist Egypt; uncertainties along Israel’s northern borders with Syria and Lebanon; and an ongoing critical situation regarding Iran.