How do you make a cliché-verre?
To make a cliché-verre, an artist either coated a transparent glass plate with an opaque ground and incised a drawing into it—a process similar to preparing a metal plate for etching—or painted directly onto the plate.
When was cliché-verre invented?
The cliché-verre process was first devised by amateur photographer Adalbert Cuvelier and drawing instructor Jean-Gabriel-Léandre Grandguillaume in the French town of Arras in 1853. The two men promoted their invention to artists as a direct and portable way of reproducing their drawings.
What is a cliché-verre print?
cliché-verre, also called Glass Print, print made by placing photographic paper beneath a glass plate on which a design has been scratched through a coating of an opaque substance and then exposing it to light. The fluid lines possible with cliché-verre prints are reminiscent of etched lines.
What is the cyanotype process?
The cyanotype is a photographic printing process that produces blue prints using coated paper and light. The process was discovered by the scientist and astronomer Sir John Herschel in 1842. Herschel used the cyanotype process so that he could reproduce mathematical tables along with other notes and diagrams.
Why would a photographer use combination printing?
The concept of combination printing stemmed from the desire to create more of a fine art within photography and often more idealized images. Combination printing was popular in the mid-19th century due to the limitations of the negative’s light sensitivity and camera technology.
What is ambrotype process?
An ambrotype comprises an underexposed glass negative placed against a dark background. The dark backing material creates a positive image. Photographers often applied pigments to the surface of the plate to add color, often tinting cheeks and lips red and adding gold highlights to jewelry, buttons, and belt buckles.
How do you identify ambrotype?
In fact, this main difference is also the most reliable way to tell ambrotypes and daguerreotypes apart: daguerreotypes are backed by shiny silver, while ambrotypes are backed by a piece of glass painted black. The daguerreotype appears to be on a mirror, so when viewing it at an angle the dark areas are silver.
What is so different about the cyanotype compared to other processes?
Compared to other photographic printing processes, cyanotype is easy and inexpensive. No darkroom is needed, instead it uses the power of the sun and iron salt solutions rather than the silver salt solution of black and white photography.
What is a combination print in photography?
Combination printing is the photographic technique of using the negatives of two or more images in conjunction with one another to create a single image. Similar to dual-negative landscape photography, combination printing was technically much more complex.