What is chlor-alkali?
The term chlor-alkali refers to the two chemicals (chlorine and an alkali) which are simultaneously produced as a result of the electrolysis of a saltwater. The most common chlor-alkali chemicals are chlorine and sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) but can include potassium hydroxide and muriatic acid.
What is chlor-alkali process give example?
The chlor-alkali industry uses brine (salt water) to produce chlorine, sodium hydroxide (NaOH or caustic soda), and hydrogen. An electric current is passed through the brine, to form hydrogen gas at the negative electrode and chlorine gas at the positive electrode, leaving a solution of sodium hydroxide. example.
What is the use of membrane in chlor-alkali process?
The hydrogen ions are pulled at the cathode and form hydrogen gas. The semi-permeable membrane of the cell allows for the sodium ions to travel to a second chamber, where they react with water to produce sodium hydroxide.
What are the three products of chlor-alkali process?
The three products as ‘chlor-alkali’ process are :
- Sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
- Chlorine (Cl2)
- Hydrogen (H2)
What are the uses of chlor-alkali process Class 10?
Production of Hydrochloric acid: Chlorine and Hydrogen are the main products of chlor-alkali process. These are used for production of Hydrochloric acids. Hydrochloric acid is important chemical product which is used in manufacturing of medicines, cosmetics and ammonium chloride and also used for cleaning steel.
What are uses of chlorine?
Its most important use is as a bleach in the manufacture of paper and cloth, but it is also used to make pesticides (insect killers), rubber, and solvents. Chlorine is used in drinking water and swimming pool water to kill harmful bacteria.
What is the use of membrane cell?
Cell membranes protect and organize cells. All cells have an outer plasma membrane that regulates not only what enters the cell, but also how much of any given substance comes in.
What is chlor-alkali process and what is the use of by product produce in this process?
The chloralkali process (also chlor-alkali and chlor alkali) is an industrial process for the electrolysis of sodium chloride solutions. It is the technology used to produce chlorine and sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), which are commodity chemicals required by industry.
Which of the following is obtained by chlor-alkali process?
The correct answer is Chorine and Sodium Hydroxide. Chlorine & Sodium Hydroxide are produced in the Chlor-alkali process.
What are the two uses of sodium hydroxide?
Sodium hydroxide is used in bar soaps and detergents. Sodium Hydroxide is also used as a drain cleaner to unclog pipes. Around 56% of sodium hydroxide produced is used by industry, with 25% of NaOH used in the paper industry.
Is chlor-alkali technology a membrane-free process?
The cycle of the two steps provides a membrane-free process, which is potentially a promising direction for developing clean chlor-alkali technology.
Why is sodium chloride used in the chlor alkali process?
Sodium chloride is the ra w mate rial for the chlor alkali process. The sod ium (DeNora 1995). The purging of such streams hence results i n loss of its raw material. O’Brien 2008, May). e) To reduce chlorate content in its effluent – The chlorate in the effluent comes about when brine is purged. Brine
Which country is the first chlor alkali country to switch to membrane cells?
Japan is the first major chlor alkali p roducing country to switch entirely to membrane cells (O’Bri en, Bommaraju, Hine 2005a). and today has no more mercury cells in operation (O’B rien, Bommaraju, Hine 2005a) (Gochfeld 200 3).
Does hydrophobic concentration affect Electrochemical tests of chlor-alkali cells?
Variation of the hydrophobic concentration in the gas diffusion layer had a significant effect on the electrochemical tests of both the half-cell and electrolysis of the chlor-alkali cells.