What is social facilitation and inhibition?
Social facilitation refers to enhanced individual task performance and social inhibition refers to decreased individual task performance, both of which occur while in the presence of others (Crisp & Turner, 2010; Fiske, 2010; Hogg & Cooper, 2007; Klehe, Anderson, & Hoefnagels, 2007; Wagstaff et al., 2008).
What is social inhibition in sport?
Social inhibition – the negative influence of others, which leads to a decrease in sports performance. Evaluation apprehension – negative effects of an audience due to a perception by the performer that they are evaluating or judging them.
What is Zajonc theory of social facilitation?
THE DRIVE THEORY OF SOCIAL FACILITATION (Zajonc, 1965) posits that the mere presence of others produces increments in levels of arousal. Arousal, in turn, enhances the frequency of dominant responses (i.e., responses with the greatest habit strength).
What is social facilitation in sports psychology?
In terms of a basic definition of social facilitation, social facilitation refers to improvement in performance induced by the real, implied, or imagined presence of others.
What is social inhibition theory?
Social inhibition is the tendency for behaviors that are exhibited when one is alone to be minimized in the presence of others. Despite the long tradition of research investigating the effects of social presence on behavior, research on social inhibition does not constitute a cohesive literature.
What causes social inhibition?
The factors that were found to be contributors to social inhibition were female gender, exposure to maternal stress during infancy and the preschool period, and early manifestation of behavioral inhibition.
What is Richard Lazarus theory?
The concept of cognitive appraisal was advanced in 1966 by psychologist Richard Lazarus in the book Psychological Stress and Coping Process. According to this theory, stress is perceived as the imbalance between the demands placed on the individual and the individual’s resources to cope (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984).