What is the inside of a Greek temple called?
A cella (from Latin for small chamber) or naos (from the Greek ναός, “temple”) is the inner chamber of an ancient Greek or Roman temple in classical antiquity.
What are the basic features of Doric sculpture?
The Doric order is characterized by a plain, unadorned column capital and a column that rests directly on the stylobate of the temple without a base. The Doric entablature includes a frieze composed of trigylphs—vertical plaques with three divisions—and metopes—square spaces for either painted or sculpted decoration.
What makes a temple Doric?
Doric temples were the first style of temples made from stone, not wood, and are identifiable by the columns and entablature. The columns are tapered with 20 flutes, and have a smooth top piece called a capital.
What is Doric in Greek architecture?
The Doric Order of Greek architecture Doric-style columns were typically placed close together, often without bases, with concave curves sculpted into the shafts. Doric column capitals were plain with a rounded section at the bottom (the echinus) and a square at the top (abacus).
What are the parts of a Greek temple?
Plan of a Typical Greek Temple
- Stereobate (or substructure).
- Colonnade (or peristyle).
- Porch (or pronaos).
- Cella (or naos).
- Rear porch (or opisthodomus). Note: 80% of all Greek temples face east so the cult idol, with the doors to the cella open, faces the rising sun.
Do Doric temples have * wood roofs *?
In Doric temples, however, the wooden roof construction, originally placed behind the frieze, now started at a higher level, behind the geison. This ended the structural link between frieze and roof; the structural elements of the latter could now be placed independent of axial relationships.
What are the specific elements on a Doric column?
In its simplest form (the Doric), the capital consists (in ascending order) of three parts; the necking, which is a continuation of the shaft but which is set off from it visually by one or more narrow grooves; the echinus, a circular block that bulges outward at its uppermost portion in order to better support the …
Why was the Doric design so popular?
For this reason, the Doric column is sometimes associated with strength and masculinity. Believing that Doric columns could bear the most weight, ancient builders often used them for the lowest level of multi-story buildings, reserving the more slender Ionic and Corinthian columns for the upper levels.