What is the order of trial in the Philippines?
Trial can be divided into four stages: the opening proceeding, examination of evidence, questioning of the defendant, and the closing arguments.
How long is court trial in the Philippines?
In no case shall the entire trial period exceed one hundred eighty (180) days from the first day of trial, except as otherwise authorized by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court pursuant to Section 3, Rule 22 of the Rules of Court.
What are the basic court system in the Philippines?
The First Level Courts Each city and municipality in the Philippines has its own trial court. These First Level Courts are more commonly referred to as Metropolitan Trial Courts (MeTC), Municipal Trial Courts in Cities (MTCC), Municipal Trial Court (MTC), and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts (MCTC).
What cases are heard by a jury?
Modern day use of the jury
- Crown Court: for matters concerning criminal indictment, eg, serious criminal offences such as murder manslaughter and rape.
- High Court: cases involving defamation, false imprisonment, malicious prosecution and cases alleging fraud.
What are the steps of the trial process?
A criminal trial typically consists of six following phases:
- Choosing a Jury.
- Opening Statements.
- Witness Testimony and Cross-Examination.
- Closing Arguments.
- Jury Instruction.
- Jury Deliberation and Announcement of Verdict.
What are stages of trial?
B. Trial stage
- Commencement of trial. Generally speaking trial of a case commences when the case is posted for examination of witnesses.
- Prosecution evidence.
- Statement of the accused.
- Defence evidence.
- Final Arguments.
- Judgment and sentence by the Court.
- Arguments on sentence.
- Judgment of Court passing sentence.
What is RA 8493 all about?
8493, ENTITLED “AN ACT TO ENSURE A SPEEDY TRIAL OF ALL CRIMINAL CASES BEFORE THE SANDIGANBAYAN, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT IN CITIES, MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT AND MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT , APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.”
What are the three special courts in the Philippines?
The following are the special courts in the Philippines:
- Court of Tax Appeals.
- Shari’a District Courts.
- Shari’a Circuit Courts.
When can a judge try a case without jury?
The trial is a retrial and the jury in the previous trial were discharged because jury tampering had taken place. Jury tampering has taken place in previous criminal proceedings involving any Defendant. There has been intimidation, or attempted intimidation, of any person who is likely to be a witness at the trial.
How does a jury reach its decision?
All jurors should deliberate and vote on each issue to be decided in the case. When it is time to count votes, it is the presiding juror’s duty to see that this is done properly. In a civil case, the judge will tell you how many jurors must agree in order to reach a verdict.