Why was the papal bull significant for Elizabeth?
The Northern Rebellion, an uprising led by Catholic nobles in the north, was the first serious threat to Elizabeth’s power. The pope’s bull was issued to support this rebellion. The papal bull excommunicated Elizabeth and stated that English Catholics were not required to obey her.
How did Elizabeth react to the papal bull of 1570?
On 25 February 1570 Pope Pius v issued the bull Regnans in Excelsis, which declared Queen Elizabeth of England excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church and deprived her of her sovereignty in England and Ireland.
What did Elizabeth do in response to the papal bull?
The bull declared Queen Elizabeth excommunicated and absolved her subjects from any allegiance to her. It also excommunicated any that obeyed her orders. Its argument drew on the hierocratic theory of the papacy established by medieval canonists.
Why did the pope dislike Elizabeth?
The new pope, Pius V, did not like Elizabeth. Like all Catholics, he believed she was illegitimate, and thus had no right to the throne of England. Catholics believed that the true Queen of the land was Mary Queen of Scots.
How did Elizabeth deal with the Catholics?
Her formula was simple – if the Catholics were loyal to the Queen and discreet in their worship, she would tolerate them. However, Bishops had been instructed to remove all forms of Catholic practices as witnessed in services by clergy.
What is the meaning of papal bull?
papal bull, in Roman Catholicism, an official papal letter or document. The name is derived from the lead seal (bulla) traditionally affixed to such documents.
How did Elizabeth deal with Catholic threats?
It therefore can be said that whilst the Catholic threat was high during the middle years of her reign, Elizabeth dealt with it well, issuing laws and using the sources she had, such as one of her advisors Walsingham working around the country helping to diminish the threat.
What was Elizabeth’s response to the Catholic threat after 1580?
To strengthen her position, Elizabeth passed laws to minimise the Catholic threat. Despite these measures, a fear of Catholic plots was an on-going and serious threat. The main figurehead for such plotters was Mary, Queen of Scots.
How did Elizabeth respond to the revolt of the Northern Earls?
During this period the Northern Earls were very powerful. When Elizabeth came to the throne she tried to limit their power by putting Southern lords in charge of some of their lands.
Was Queen Elizabeth tolerant of Catholics?
Elizabeth’s religious views were remarkably tolerant for the age in which she lived. While she had her own beliefs and convictions, she also believed in tolerating the views of others, and sincerely believed that Catholics and Protestants were basically of the same faith.
Why did Catholics think Elizabeth was illegitimate?
Many people believed Elizabeth to be illegitimate and so felt she had no right to be on the throne. (Her father, Henry VIII, had divorced his first wife. Catholics didn’t recognise divorce and so viewed his second marriage to Elizabeth’s mother as illegal.)
Why was religion Elizabeth’s biggest problem?
The greatest problem for a Protestant monarch, such as Elizabeth, would be if a Catholic’s loyalty to the Pope came above that to the Crown, especially when the Pope and Queen disagreed on an issue. As such religion was one of the problems that Elizabeth had to deal with straight away.