What are thermal oxidizer used for?
A thermal oxidizer is a combustion system used to control air pollution by destroying hazardous air pollutants (HAP), volatile organic compounds (VOC), and odorous emissions discharged from industrial processes.
What is an RTO incinerator?
Name of Technology: Regenerative Incinerator. This type of incinerator is also referred to as a regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO), or a regenerative catalytic oxidizer (RCO) if a catalyst is used. Type of Technology: Destruction by thermal or catalytic oxidation.
What is an RTO unit?
A regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) is a type of air pollution control equipment that destroys hazardous air pollutants (HAP), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and odorous emissions created during industrial processes. RTOs are the most common air pollution control technology in use today.
What is destruction efficiency?
Put simply, destruction efficiency (DE) is a measurement of how effective an oxidizer works to eliminate harmful volatile organic compounds (VOCs). When measured, the DE is a percentage representing the number of molecules of a compound removed relative to the number of molecules that went into the system.
What is thermal oxidation?
In microfabrication, thermal oxidation is a way to produce a thin layer of oxide (usually silicon dioxide) on the surface of a wafer. The technique forces an oxidizing agent to diffuse into the wafer at high temperature and react with it. The rate of oxide growth is often predicted by the Deal–Grove model.
What is the operating temperature of a thermal oxidizer?
Most direct-fired thermal oxidizers operate at temperature levels between 980 °C (1,800 °F) and 1,200 °C (2,190 °F) with air flow rates of 0.24 to 24 standard cubic meters per second. 
How much VOC is in a thermal oxidizer?
Such biomass fired thermal oxidizer has been installed at Warwick Mills, New Hampshire. The inlet concentrations are between 3000–10.000 ppm VOC. The outlet concentration of VOC are below 3 ppm, thus having a VOC destruction efficiency of 99.8–99.9%.
How does a thermal oxidizer work?
Flameless thermal oxidizer (FTO) Through the transfer of heat from the ceramic media to the gaseous mixture the organic compounds in the gas are oxidized to innocuous byproducts, i.e., carbon dioxide (CO 2) and water vapor (H 2 O) while also releasing heat into the ceramic media bed.
What is the efficiency of a regenerative thermal oxidizer?
There are currently many types of Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers on the market with the capability of 99.5+% Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) oxidization or destruction efficiency. The ceramic heat exchanger (s) in the towers can be designed for thermal efficiencies as high as 97+%.