What is a Greek cloak called?
Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic (either a peplos or chiton) and a cloak (himation). The peplos was simply a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the overfold (apoptygma) would reach to the waist.
What is a Greek himation?
himation, mantle or wrap worn by Greek men and women from the Archaic through the Hellenistic periods (c. 750–30 bce). A very large rectangle of fabric, the himation was draped in different ways—e.g., as a shawl, a cloak, or a head covering—during various periods.
How do you wear chlamys?
The Greek chlamys (worn only by men) was a short mantle draped around the upper shoulders, pinned on the right shoulder with a brooch. It left the right arm free and was often used by travellers and military men.
What did messengers wear in ancient Greece?
In many works of Greek art, messengers, who carried communications between the Greek cities and towns, are shown wearing only the chlamys and a wide brimmed traveling hat called a petasos, both of which were typical traveling clothes of the time.
Who wore chlamys?
As such, the chlamys is the characteristic garment of Hermes (Roman Mercury), the messenger god usually depicted as a young man. The chlamys was typical Greek military attire from the 5th to the 3rd century BC. As worn by soldiers, it could be wrapped around the arm and used as a light shield in combat.
What does a chlamys look like?
This cloak was a short, oblong mantle, typically made of dark wool, and worn draped over the left shoulder and fastened with a fibula at the right shoulder, leaving the right arm uncovered. The chlamys was popular especially among soldiers and messengers.
What is the difference between a cape and a himation?
As nouns the difference between cloak and himation is that cloak is a long outer garment worn over the shoulders covering the back; a cape, often with a hood while himation is a rectangular cloak of linen or wool, worn in ancient greece, usually over a chiton.
What was the purpose of chlamys?
Chlamys offered warmth and decoration and were often adorned with clavi, or purple stripes (Pendergast). When war broke out, men, notably soldiers, had to change to the chlamys. The latter, ideal for riders, were sometimes ornamented and closed with a brooch on the right or left shoulder (Müller).
What is the difference between peplos and chiton?
They could also be criss-crossed between the breasts. The difference between a chiton and a peplos was that before pinning, the cloth was folded over at the top, creating an extra “over-drape.” If the rectangle were too long at the feet to move freely, the cloth could be bloused up over the belts to raise the hem.
How do you wear peplos?
The peplos was draped and open on one side of the body, like the Doric chiton. The garment was then gathered about the waist and the folded top edge pinned over the shoulders. The folded-down top of the cloth provided the appearance of a second piece of clothing.