Where is mushroom cultivated in India?

Where is mushroom cultivated in India?

Where is mushroom cultivated in India?

The seasonal button mushroom growers are confined to temperate areas such as Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, and Kashmir, hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh, hilly regions of Tamil Nadu and North Eastern hilly regions where growers take 2-3 crops of button mushrooms in a year.

How is mushroom cultivated in India?

In India, button mushrooms are grown seasonally and in environment controlled cropping houses. White button mushroom requires 24+2° C for vegetative growth (spawn run) and 16-18° C for reproductive growth. Besides that it requires relative humidity of 80-90% and enough ventilation during cropping.

Who introduced mushroom cultivation in India?

1886-87:Dr. B.C. Roy of the Calcutta Medical College carried out chemical analysis of the local mushrooms prevalent in caves or mines. 1908:A thorough search of edibles mushrooms was Instituted by Sir David Rain. 1921:Bose was successful in culturing two Agaricus on a sterilized dung media.

How many types of mushroom can cultivate in India?

three sorts
There are three sorts of Mushrooms that are being cultivated in India, they are button mushroom, straw mushroom and oyster mushroom. Paddy straw mushrooms can develop in temperatures ranging from 35⁰ to 40⁰C. Button mushrooms grow at some point in winter. Oyster mushrooms are grown in the northern plains.

Which mushroom is in demand in India?

Mushroom industry in India is mainly focused on button mushroom cultivation and marketing. The recent production data revealed that button mushroom production holds the maximum share of about 73% and followed by oyster mushroom with 16% (Sharma et al., 2017).

What type of climate is suitable for mushroom cultivation?

The most suitable temperature for the spread of the mycelium is 24-25°C, while 16-18°C is essential for the formation of fruit bodies. Higher temperature is harmful and low temperature retards the development of both mushroom mycelium and fruit bodies. Paddy straw mushroom can be grown around 35°C.

Who is father of mushroom cultivation?

Mota Ram Sharma, famously known as Mushroom Man, used to do mushroom cultivation in his 5 Bigha land along with dairy farming almost 24 years ago. Mushroom farming was not in trend in Rajasthan at that time. He started growing oyster mushrooms in the beginning.

Which state is the largest producer of mushroom in India?

Production(000 Tonnes)

Sr No. State Share(%)
1 Bihar 10.82
2 Maharashtra 9.89
3 Orissa 9.66

Is mushroom profitable business in India?

Nowadays, mushroom cultivation is the most productive and profitable business in India. It is getting popular gradually in India because, in a short time, it converts farmers’ hard work into profit. Farmers use mushroom cultivation is a process in India as an alternate source of money.