What is inner class in Java?

What is inner class in Java?

What is inner class in Java?

Java inner class or nested class is a class that is declared inside the class or interface. We use inner classes to logically group classes and interfaces in one place to be more readable and maintainable. Additionally, it can access all the members of the outer class, including private data members and methods.

Can inner class be instantiated?

If the inner class is static, then the static inner class can be instantiated without an outer class instance. Otherwise, the inner class object must be associated with an instance of the outer class. The outer class can call even the private methods of the inner class.

Can we create a class inside a class in Java?

Writing a class within another is allowed in Java. The class written within is called the nested class, and the class that holds the inner class is called the outer class. Following is the syntax to write a nested class.

How do I access static nested class?

And like static class methods, a static nested class cannot refer directly to instance variables or methods defined in its enclosing class: it can use them only through an object reference. They are accessed using the enclosing class name. To instantiate an inner class, you must first instantiate the outer class.

How do you create an inner class in Java?

To instantiate an inner class, you must first instantiate the outer class. Then, create the inner object within the outer object with this syntax: OuterClass outerObject = new OuterClass(); OuterClass. InnerClass innerObject = outerObject.

What are different types of inner classes?

There are four types of inner classes: member, static member, local, and anonymous. A member class is defined at the top level of the class. It may have the same access modifiers as variables (public, protected, package, static, final), and is accessed in much the same way as variables of that class.

How do I create a new inner class?

What is a nesting class?

A nested class is a class which is declared in another enclosing class. A nested class is a member and as such has the same access rights as any other member. The members of an enclosing class have no special access to members of a nested class; the usual access rules shall be obeyed.

How do you create a static inner class in Java?

If your inner class doesn’t use methods or fields of the outer class, it’s just a waste of space, so make it static. For example, to create an object for the static nested class, use this syntax: OuterClass. Inner1 nestedObject = new OuterClass.

How do you create an object of another class in Java?

To create an object of Main , specify the class name, followed by the object name, and use the keyword new :

  1. Example. Create an object called ” myObj ” and print the value of x: public class Main { int x = 5; public static void main(String[] args) { Main myObj = new Main(); System.
  2. Example.
  3. Second.

How many inner classes a class can have in Java?

Java Inner Classes. In Java, it is also possible to nest classes (a class within a class). The purpose of nested classes is to group classes that belong together, which makes your code more readable and maintainable. To access the inner class, create an object of the outer class, and then create an object of the inner class:

Are inner classes commonly used in Java?

We do use them often as we go advance in java object-oriented programming where we want certain operations to be performed, granting access to limited classes and many more which will be clear as we do discuss and implement all types of inner classes in Java. Types of Inner Classes. There are basically four types of inner classes in java. Nested Inner Class; Method Local Inner Classes; Static Nested Classes; Anonymous Inner Classes

Why should I use the inner class in Java?

Member inner class

  • Anonymous inner class
  • Local inner class
  • How to create inner classes in Java?

    In Java, to create an object for a class we use new keyword. The new keyword creates an object of a class and initializes the object by calling it’s constructor. It is a strait forward thing to create an object for a class. But, if we have another class within the class, then how we create an instance of inner class?