What is pattern differentiation?
Pattern differentiation is a critical component for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) diagnosis and treatment. However, the issue of whether pattern differentiation is appropriately applied in TCM interventional trials, including Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) interventions and non-herbal TCM interventions, is unclear.
What is differentiation in Chinese medicine?
Syndrome differentiation (Bian Zheng) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is the comprehensive analysis of clinical information gained by the four main diagnostic TCM procedures: observation, listening, questioning, and pulse analysis, and it is used to guide the choice of treatment either by acupuncture and/or TCM …
What are the four diagnostic methods used in traditional Chinese medicine?
Then, in order to examine these human pathological conditions in practice, TCM ancient specialists establishe four main TCM diagnostic methods as commonly called inspection (observation), auscultation and olfaction (listening and smelling), interrogation (inquirying or questioning), and palpation (pulse examination).
What is pattern in TCM?
TCM pattern is a generalization of various symptoms and signs occurring in a certain stage of a disease, investigating causes, pathogenesis, pathological manifestation, location, and nature of disease. Pattern is an abstraction idea based on the symptoms or signs.
What is Bian Zheng?
Zheng classification (Bian Zheng) is a traditional diagnostic method to categorize patients’ syndromes based on their presented conditions. Currently, combination of Zheng classification and biomedical diagnosis becomes a common model in TCM diagnostics in clinical practice.
Which are the 4 diagnostic techniques?
Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners perform their clinical assessment through four diagnostic methods: Inspection, Listening & Smelling, Inquiring and Palpation.
What are the four diagnostic methods?
What is “Four Diagnosis Methods”? In Chinese medicine, Observation, Auscultation, Interrogation and Palpation are called as four diagnosis methods which are to collect the medical history of patients and also the ways to treat the disease.
What are the 8 principles in TCM?
The Eight Principles consist of four pairs of opposing terms: yin or yang, hot or cold, excess or deficiency, and internal or external. Yin and yang serve to organize the six other principles. Cold, deficiency, and internal all belong to yin, while hot, excess, and external all belong to yang.
How many methods of diagnosis are there in TCM?
How are illnesses diagnosed in TCM?
In TCM, the patient’s symptoms and signs are gathered through inquiry, observation, palpation, and smell. These symptoms and signs are interpreted into a diagnostic syndrome that often guides a patient specific (individualised) treatment [6, 7].
What are the different modalities of healing in traditional Chinese medicine?
The treatment can include the more common practices of Traditional Chinese Medicine, such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, and tui na massage, but also less common practices, such as cupping. In the next article of the series, we will discuss the different modalities of healing in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
What are the eight principles of diagnosis in traditional Chinese medicine?
At the most basic level, these patterns are determined by Eight Principles, which measure either an excess (vacuity) or deficiency (stagnation) of qi in one the entities. In this article, we will discuss the eight principles of diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
How is a person’s condition evaluated in Chinese medicine?
After evaluating the present symptoms, a person’s condition is further evaluated as to how the specific entities (qi, meridians, Zang-fu, etc.) are affected. Traditional Chinese Medicine does not strongly differentiate between the cause and effect of a disease. However, there are three major categories that are considered to give rise to disease.
What is TCM pattern differentiation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
TCM pattern differentiation based on symptoms can help identify a subset of patients with RA that will more likely respond to biomedical therapy, consisting of diclofenac, methotrexate, and sulfasalazine.