Who immigrated to Australia in the 1800s?

Who immigrated to Australia in the 1800s?

Who immigrated to Australia in the 1800s?

The migrants came mostly from the United Kingdom, which at the time included Ireland. The British colonial government strongly encouraged immigration in the 1800s, believing that Australia’s small population had to grow to ensure the economic development and security of the colonies.

Why did immigrants come to Australia in the 1900s?

Thousands of Chinese migrants came to Australia during the gold rush. People wanted to restrict the economic competition of migrants from Asia. The best way to do this was for all the colonies to act together and work out a common immigration policy.

Why did people come to South Australia?

In 1834, the South Australian Colonisation Act was passed in the United Kingdom, leading to the British colonisation of land that is now the state of South Australia. The colony was designed for migrants, not convicts and was to be funded by the sale of land to the wealthy and to investors.

Why did free settlers come to Australia in the 1800s?

The English free settlers went to Australia to be free. They wanted to make money as well. They also wanted to explore Australian families who wanted a better life with their children. Some people called the English Free settlers “pilgrims”.

What happened in the 1880s in Australia?

During the 1870s and 1880s the economy was booming, but a severe drought lasting four years from 1890 crippled the economy, resulting in widespread unemployment, poverty and industrial strikes.

Who were the first settlers in South Australia?

The first people to occupy the area now known as South Australia were Aboriginal Australians. Their presence in northern Australia began at least 65,000 years ago with the arrival of the first of their ancestors by land-bridge from what is now Indonesia.

What problems did South Australia have in 1836?

SOUTH AUSTRALIA’S FIRST OFFICIAL EUROPEAN SETTLERS set sail in 1836 on board nine ships and landed at Kangaroo Island. But problems such a water supply forced the need for the alternate Adelaide plains site that was picked by surveyor-general Colonel William Light.

What happened in the 1800s in Australia?

Gold Rush. The Gold rush led to a huge increase in population. Over 20 years Australia’s population tripled to 1.7 million people. The first gold was discovered near Bathurst, NSW.

What happened in the 1900s in Australia?

Glenelg is wrecked off the Victorian coast, resulting in 31 deaths. 9 May – The Sierra Nevada is wrecked off Portsea, Victoria; 23 lives are lost. 2 July – Snow falls to extremely low levels in New South Wales, being recorded as low as Forbes. 5 July – The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (UK) is passed.

When did settlers arrive in South Australia?

First Settlers in South Australia Four ships chartered by the South Australia Company set sail for South Australia in early 1836. On February 22, days after the Letters Patent had been adopted, the ship John Pirie set sail with 24 passengers on board.

When did settlers come to South Australia?

SOUTH AUSTRALIA’S FIRST OFFICIAL EUROPEAN SETTLERS set sail in 1836 on board nine ships and landed at Kangaroo Island.

What happened to the list of assisted immigrants to South Australia?

It is estimated that only between 10 and 15 % of the official lists for assisted immigrants arriving in South Australia in the 19th century under the sponsorship of the Colonisation Commission have survived.

Where can I find a list of immigrants arriving in South Australia?

Make note of the key to source references at the front of the index. This index contains names of immigrants arriving in South Australia from overseas, as recorded in newspapers: the Adelaide Times, the South Australian and the Register. Once you have identified the newspaper and date, you can find the digitised newspaper list on Trove.

What records do we hold about immigration to South Australia?

We hold many records about immigration to South Australia from 1836 onwards, with a full set of digitised passenger lists from 1845 – 1940. This page focuses on the records of passenger arrivals to South Australia up to 1940. We also hold records about: Crown Lands and Immigration Office Correspondence.

When did Aboriginals first settle in South Australia?

Temporary campsites in the Roxby dunefields have been dated to 19,000 years ago, and Aboriginal people have continuously occupied South Australian deserts since at least that time.