What is cataphoric reference and anaphoric reference?
Cataphoric reference means that a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand. It can be compared with anaphoric reference, which means a word refers back to another word for its meaning. ‘When he arrived, John noticed that the door was open’.
What is anaphora and cataphora with examples?
Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora. An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep.
What are examples of Endophoric reference?
For example, in the sentences “I saw Sally yesterday. She was lying on the beach”, “she” is an endophoric expression because it refers to something mentioned elsewhere in the text, i.e. “Sally”.
What is the difference between exophoric and Endophoric reference?
An exophoric reference is a reference in a text to something outside of the text, while an endophoric reference is a reference in a text to something inside the text.
What is the purpose of cataphoric reference?
Cataphoric reference is used when a word or phrase refers to a piece of information mentioned later in the text / discourse. Cataphora is an expression that can only be fully understood by using the context of an expression mentioned later in the text.
What is the different between cataphora and anaphora?
In a narrower sense, anaphora is the use of an expression that depends specifically upon an antecedent expression and thus is contrasted with cataphora, which is the use of an expression that depends upon a postcedent expression.
Why is cataphoric reference used?
Cataphoric reference is used when a word or phrase refers to a piece of information mentioned later in the text/discourse. Cataphora is an expression that can only be fully understood by using the context of an expression mentioned later in the text. Cataphoric references use postcedents.
What is anaphora reference?
Anaphoric reference means that a word in a text refers back to other ideas in the text for its meaning. It can be compared with cataphoric reference, which means a word refers to ideas later in the text.
What is Esphoric reference?
Reference is called esphoric when the referent occurs in the phrase immediately following the presuming referent item (within the same nominal group/noun phrase, not in a separate clause).
What is meant by Endophoric reference?
Endophoric reference meaning An endophoric reference is a reference in a text to something else inside the text. For example: If you want one, I’ve left some cupcakes on the counter. In this example, ‘one’ is being used to refer to something later in the sentence, ‘cupcakes.
What is the difference between anaphoric pronoun to cataphoric pronoun?